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Table 1 Food security scale questionnaire: various scales

From: Internal validity and reliability of experience-based household food insecurity scales in Indian settings

Items 18-item US HFSSM 6-item short form US HFSSM 9-item HFIAS 8-item FIES
Recall period 12 months 12 months 30 days 12 months
Worried food would run out/not have enough food ×
Food bought just didn’t last/household ran out of food ×
Couldn’t afford to eat balanced meals/healthy/nutritious food × ×
Cut the size or skip meals × ×
Did you ever eat less than you felt you should × ×
Hungry but didn’t eat × ×
Lose weight because there wasn’t enough money for food × × ×
Not eat for a whole day because there wasn’t enough money for food? × × ×
Relied on only a few kinds of low-cost food to feed child/the children × × ×
Couldn’t feed child/the children a balanced meal × × ×
Child/children not eating enough × × ×
Cut size of child’s meals × × ×
Child/children ever skip meals × × ×
Child/children ever hungry × × ×
Child/any children not eat for a whole day × × ×
Not able to eat preferred foods × × ×
Eat limited variety of foods/few kinds of foods × ×
Eat some foods you really did not want to eat × × ×
Eat a smaller [meal] than you felt you needed × × ×
Eat [fewer meals in a day]/ate less × ×
No food to eat of any kind in your household because of lack of resources to get food? × × ×
Sleep at night hungry × × ×
Whole day and night without eating anything/went without eating for a whole day × ×
Skip a meal × × ×
Hungry but did not eat × × ×
Any of the children younger than 5 years old: did not eat healthy and nutritious foods × × ×
Any children younger than 5 years old was not given enough food × × ×