Soil organic C from the upper 0 to 20 cm as a function of clay plus silt. The tropical forests (Forests) and cultivated fields converted from the forests (Farmer’s Fields) represented here were in Zimbabwe (Chikwaka, Mafungautsi, Masvingo, Murewa) and Kenya (Kakemega, Nandi, Teso, Vihiga). The Zimbabwean forests were the Miombo woodlands with unimodal rainfall of 800 mm. The Kenyan forests were rain forests with bimodal rainfall of 1,800 mm. Upper (U) and lower (L) boundary lines were fitted to the 95th and 5th quantiles, respectively. Samples collected at Chikwaka, Mafungautsi and Masvinga (Forests and Farmer’s Fields) were collected along a temporal gradient from 0 to 60 years after conversion from tropical forests, but were not differentiated by land use in this figure. Adapted from Tittonell  with permission from the author.