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Table 8 Farmers’ perceived constraints to bread wheat production in the study areas

From: Farmers’ preferred traits and perceived production constraints of bread wheat under drought-prone agro-ecologies of Ethiopia

Constraints No of farmers Ranking RBQ Rank
1 2 3
Low soil fertility 170 38.2 56.5 5.3 55.5 9
Low yield 170 48.8 51.2 56.3 8
Seed shortage 170 54.1 44.1 1.8 56.5 7
Low price 170 24.7 50.6 24.7 53.9 12
High cost of fertilizer 170 72.9 26.5 0.6 57.5 3
Moisture stress 170 92.9 7.1 58.5 1
Heat stress 170 70.6 29.4 57.4 4
Insect pests 170 68.8 25.3 5.9 57.0 5
Disease (especially rust) 170 85.3 14.1 0.6 58.1 2
Weeds 170 31.2 41.2 27.6 54.1 11
Lack of access to credit 170 40.6 32.4 27.1 54.6 10
Land degradation/soil erosion 170 64.7 31.8 3.5 56.9 6
  1. Source: Farm household survey, 2018; RBQ indicates Rank Based Quotient