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Table 4 Binary logit model parameter estimates on determinants of adaptation strategies to the effects of climate change

From: Determinants of smallholder farmers’ adaptation strategies to the effects of climate change: Evidence from northern Uganda

Explanatory variables Drought resistant Improved Seeds Fertilizer use Pesticide use Fallowing Different varieties Tree planting  
  varieties             
  Coef. (SE) P > z Coef. (SE) P > z Coef. (SE) P > z Coef. (SE) P > z Coef. (SE) P > z Coef. (SE) P > z Coef. (SE) P > z
Gender of household head 0.562 (0.316) 0.075 − 0.356 (0.248) 0.151 0.778 (0.306) 0.011 0.656 (0.246) 0.008 0.385 (0.261) 0.140 − 0.044 (0.584) 0.939 0.014 (0.264) 0.956
Household size -0.025 (0.039) 0.521 − 0.030 (0.034) 0.377 − 0.018 (0.038) 0.641 − 0.041 (0.038) 0.272 − 0.087 (0.037) 0.018 − 0.108 (0.068) 0.115 − 0.028 (0.034) 0.415
Marital status 0.913 (0.379) 0.016 0.200 (0.324) 0.536 − 0.406 (0.402) 0.313 − 0.406 (0.334) 0.224 0.257 (0.331) 0.437 − 0.546 (0.865) 0.528 0.108 (0.338) 0.748
Farming Experience (Years) 0.015 (0.011) 0.167 0.004 (0.009) 0.652 − 0.004 (0.012) 0.752 0.002 (0.010) 0.873 0.032 (0.010) 0.001 − 0.003 (0.023) 0.908 0.024 (0.010) 0.012
Access to Extension 1.644 (0.529) 0.002 0.296 (0.319) 0.354 0.573 (0.322) 0.075 − 0.041 (0.315) 0.896 0.175 (0.339) 0.605 − 0.981 (0.642) 0.127 0.686 (0.293) 0.019
Land Owned (Acres) 0.010 (0.015) 0.507 − 0.011 (0.010) 0.253 0.001 (0.003) 0.917 0.001 (0.003) 0.841 0.041 (0.039) 0.290 0.016 (0.019) 0.419 − 0.002 (0.003) 0.519
Land cultivated (Acres) 0.323 (0.159) 0.043 − 0.124 (0.126) 0.328 0.165 (0.145) 0.255 0.138 (0.131) 0.291 0.121 (0.146) 0.409 0.822 (0.286) 0.004 0.150 (0.126) 0.235
Access to credit − 0.686 (0.317) 0.030 0.585 (0.252) 0.020 0.323 (0.286) 0.259 0.315 (0.254) 0.215 − 0.484 (0.266) 0.069 − 0.686 (0.664) 0.302 0.626 (0.271) 0.021
Time taken to market (Hours) 0.068 (0.154) 0.657 0.365 (0.146) 0.012 0.150 (0.137) 0.276 0.066 (0.135) 0.623 0.292 (0.145) 0.044 − 0.114 (0.279) 0.681 0.130 (0.115) 0.259
Farm income (UGX) − 0.038 (0.174) 0.829 0.325 (0.157) 0.038 0.572 (0.204) 0.005 0.508 (0.162) 0.002 0.247 (0.152) 0.105 − 0.259 (0.308) 0.400 0.385 (0.169) 0.022
Group membership 0.225 (0.296) 0.447 − 0.168 (0.241) 0.486 0.002 (0.274) 0.994 0.084 (0.241) 0.729 0.118 (0.251) 0.637 0.295 (0.491) 0.548 0.005 (0.249) 0.983
Constant -0.668 (2.226) 0.764 − 3.703 (2.074) 0.074 − 8.248 (2.781) 0.003 − 5.370 (2.126) 0.012 − 3.936 (2.074) 0.058 6.450 (4.606) 0.161 − 7.167 (2.283) 0.002
Log likelihood − 162.752   − 226.272   − 173.344   − 219.111   − 206.671   − 52.515   − 214.903  
Wald chi2 33.18 0.000 21.04 0.033 33.95 0.000 25.93 0.007 0.039 0.003 22 0.024 34.63 0
GOF Pearson chi2 327.98 0.711 354.74 0.306 369.48 0.147 359.09 0.264 361.66 0.234 311.26 0.875 356.48 0.297
  1. CoeffCoefficient, SE Standard Error in parentheses, GOFGoodness of fit test