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Table 4 The levels of aflatoxin B1 and total in betel nuts samples in different countries

From: Comparison of aflatoxins contamination levels in betel nuts (Areca catechu L.) imported from Asian countries

Country Toxins Sample no. Positive samples (%) Maximum (μg/kg) Range (μg/kg) Average Year of survey Authors
India AFB1 278 100 262.0 11.7–262.0 92.5 2010–2011 Asghar et al. [23]
Indonesian 80.4 39.2 3.3–39.2 11.6
Sri-Lankan 73.5 103.4 6.5–103.4 35.0
Thailand 30.2 77.0 3.3–77.0 6.6
Bangladesh AFs NR NR NR NR 30.6 2009 Roy et al. [24]
South Africa AFs NR NR 26.2 3.5–26.2 NR 1996 Van der Bijl et al. [25]
India AFB1 32 40 208 18–208 94 1991 Raisuddin and Misra [26]
  1. NR not reported by author
  2. Refer figures and figures caption