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Table 1 Average (LSM ± SE) body weights (kg) from birth to 180 days of age for Bati, Borana and Short-eared Somali goats

From: Early growth trend and performance of three Ethiopian goat ecotypes under smallholder management systems

Pop. Factors BW 30 DW 90 DW 180 DW
N LSM ± SE N LSM ± SE N LSM ± SE N LSM ± SE
  Overall 308 *** 292 *** 270 *** 248 ***
Bati 139 2.71 ± 0.04a 133 6.15 ± 0.09a 119 10.44 ± 0.18a 110 16.31 ± 0.02a
Borana 123 2.36 ± 0.05b 114 5.39 ± 0.10b 108 10.34 ± 0.12a 101 13.9 ± 0.22b
SES 46 2.15 ± 0.08c 45 4.63 ± 0.16c 43 8.52 ± 0.30b 37 13.75 ± 0.36b
Bati Sex   *   *   **   NS
Female 60 2.58 ± 0.07b 57 5.81 ± 0.15b 50 9.56 ± 0.32b 46 15.9 ± 0.38
Male 79 2.81 ± 0.07a 76 6.26 ± 0.14a 69 10.58 ± 0.29a 64 16.15 ± 0.34
Parity   **   *   *   NS
1 26 2.43 ± 0.11c 26 5.8 ± 0.22ab 22 9.46 ± 0.48b 19 16.0 ± 0.58
2 26 2.62 ± 0.11bc 25 5.55 ± 0.22b 23 9.81 ± 0.47b 23 15.64 ± 0.55
3 31 2.74 ± 0.1ab 29 6.15 ± 0.20a 28 10.5 ± 0.42ab 26 15.86 ± 0.5
4 26 3.0 ± 0.11a 23 6.31 ± 0.24a 21 9.48 ± 0.5b 19 16.0 ± 0.61
≥ 5 30 2.69 ± 0.1bc 30 6.38 ± 0.20a 25 11.06 ± 0.44a 23 16.6 ± 0.51
G   *   *   *   *
Single 47 2.82 ± 0.08a 46 6.28 ± 0.17a 43 10.57 ± 0.36a 40 16.66 ± 0.42a
Twin 92 2.57 ± 0.06b 87 5.79 ± 0.13b 76 9.57 ± 0.29b 70 15.38 ± 0.33b
Borana Sex   **   **   *   NS
Female 64 2.21 ± 0.09b 59 5.14 ± 0.17b 55 10.28 ± 0.34b 52 14.35 ± 0.31
Male 59 2.59 ± 0.11a 55 5.77 ± 0.17a 53 11.01 ± 0.28a 49 14.20 ± 0.29
Parity   **   NS   NS   NS
1 13 1.87 ± 0.17b 13 5.02 ± 0.31 13 10.68 ± 0.51 13 14.7 ± 0.52
2 31 2.54 ± 0.1a 26 5.39 ± 0.2 26 10.89 ± 0.33 23 14.35 ± 0.35
3 31 2.44 ± 0.11a 31 5.54 ± 0.21 28 9.86 ± 0.35 28 13.80 ± 0.35
4 19 2.67 ± 0.15a 15 5.5 ± 0.30 14 11.22 ± 0.5 13 14.55 ± 0.53
≥ 5 29 2.47 ± 0.12a 29 5.84 ± 0.23 27 10.57 ± 0.38 24 13.97 ± 0.42
G   *   *   NS   NS
Single 87 2.53 ± 0.07a 80 5.71 ± 0.14a 76 10.67 ± 0.35 72 14.43 ± 0.24
Twin 36 2.27 ± 0.11b 34 5.2 ± 0.21b 32 10.62 ± 0.23 29 14.12 ± 0.37
SES Sex   **   **   *   NS
Female 19 1.7 ± 0.17b 19 3.61 ± 0.53b 17 8.71 ± .0.7b 14 11.73 ± 0.88
Male 27 2.27 ± 0.16a 26 4.74 ± 0.58a 26 9.84 ± 0.63a 23 13.43 ± 0.86
Parity   *   NS   NS   NS
1 11 1.96 ± 0.17b 11 4.14 ± 0.68 11 10.38 ± 0.78 8 11.81 ± 1.09
2 9 1.78 ± 0.2b 9 4.77 ± 0.65 9 9.53 ± 0.82 5 12.44 ± 1.16
3 17 1.63 ± 0.19b 17 3.60 ± 0.57 15 8.41 ± 0.78 16 13.17 ± 1.04
4 3 2.52 ± 0.24a 3 4.30 ± 0.70 2 7.38 ± 1.11 3 13.01 ± 1.31
≥ 5 6 2.04 ± 0.2ab 5 4.08 ± 0.79 6 10.29 ± 0.81 5 12.45 ± 1.13
G   NS   NS   NS   NS
Single 35 2.03 ± 0.14 24 3.92 ± 0.45 32 8.86 ± 0.55 26 12.99 ± 0.73
Twin 11 1.94 ± 0.2 11 3.85 ± 0.56 11 9.54 ± 0.82 11 12.16 ± 1.05
  1. Means in the same column with different superscripts are significantly different
  2. LSM least-square means, SE standard errors, N number of observation, BW birth weight, DW day weight, G gemellarity, NS non-significant Pop. population, SES short-eared Somali
  3. p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001