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Table 1 Characteristics of sample households in the study villages of Dhanbad, India, 2015.

From: Does coal mining affect household food security? An empirical study of Dhanbad, India

  Villages not affected by mining activity Villages affected by mining activity Total
% (N) % (N) % (N)
Household head age
 21–35 years 29.8 62 21.6 45 25.7 107
 36–55 years 48.6 101 46.2 96 47.4 197
 56–65 years 21.6 45 32.2 67 26.9 112
Household head sex
 Male 86.1 179 93.3 194 89.7 373
 Female 13.9 29 6.7 14 10.3 43
Household size
 1–3 members 16.8 35 16.8 35 16.8 70
 4–5 members 52.4 109 48.1 100 50.2 209
 6 or more members 30.8 64 35.1 73 32.9 137
Religion
 Hindu 98.6 205 97.6 203 98.1 408
 Muslim 1.4 3 2.4 5 1.9 8
Social group
 Scheduled tribes 7.2 15 0.5 1 3.9 16
 Scheduled castes 47.6 99 33.2 69 40.4 168
 Other backward castes 29.3 61 46.6 97 38 158
 Other castes 15.9 33 19.7 41 17.8 74
Media exposure 52.9 110 62.5 130 57.7 240
BPL card possession 6.3 13 5.8 12 6.0 25
MGNERGA card possession 30.8 64 28.9 60 29.8 124
Household head occupation
 Not working 17.8 37 24.0 50 20.9 87
 Regular salaried jobs 18.3 38 22.1 46 20.2 84
 Self-employed jobs 7.7 16 19.2 40 13.5 56
 Agriculture and Wage labour jobs 56.3 117 34.6 72 45.4 189
MPCE
 Low 31.7 66 35.1 73 33.4 139
 Medium 37 77 29.8 62 33.4 138
 High 31.3 65 35.1 73 33.1 138
Total (N) 100 208 100 208 100 416
Mean year of schooling (± SD) 6.9 (± 5.2) 6.2 (± 4.5) 6.5 (± 4.9)
  1. N total household sample, ± SD standard deviation