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Table 2 Summarized descriptive statistics for independent variables by sample farmers

From: Determinants of crop–livestock diversification in the mixed farming systems: evidence from central highlands of Ethiopia

Variable acronyms Total mean (N = 211) Diversifiers mean (N = 207) Non− diversifiers mean (N = 4) t/\( \chi^{2} \) test p value
AGE 43.8 43.9 37.8 − 5.100*** 0.000
SEX† 68.7 67.8 0.9 0.665 0.591
EDUC† 79.2 77.3 1.9 1.074 0.582
HHLAB 2.8 2.8 1.9 − 2.499* 0.078
LAND 1.3 1.4 0.7 − 2.727* 0.068
LIVES 4.0 4.1 0.6 − 12.370*** 0.000
NONFINC 944.8 916.0 2437.5 1.059 0.366
FINC 3892.6 3955.8 625.0 − 6.490*** 0.000
LROUT 0.1 0.1 0.0 − 1.103 0.323
OFERT 87.4 88.5 31.3 − 2.850* 0.055
IRRIG 0.0 0.0 0.0 − 0.465 0.465
IFERT 61.3 61.7 37.5 − 0.996 0.388
IMPSEED 15.6 15.9 3.8 − 2.781** 0.035
CREDIT† 40.3 39.8 0.5 0.396 0.650
EXTEN 1.3 1.3 1.5 0.717 0.717
LTSECUR† 47.4 46.5 0.9 0.011 0.449
SOIL† 86.3 84.9 1.4 0.436 0.627
DROAD 18.4 18.6 9.8 − 0.286 0.286
DKEBELE 28.0 28.3 14.3 − 0.093* 0.093
SLOPE† 5.7 5.7 0.0 0.246 0.620
SOCIAL† 25.2 24.2 0.9 1.342 0.263
  1. ***, **, *Significant at 1, 5, and 10%; † is designated for discrete independent variables
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