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Fig. 3 | Agriculture & Food Security

Fig. 3

From: Climate change impacts and adaptation among smallholder farmers in Central America

Fig. 3

Percent of smallholder farmers who have experienced a an extreme weather event, b reductions in crop yields, c food insecurity or d reductions in household income due to extreme weather events. For figures b and d, the percentages reflect the farmer recollections of the percent of income or crop yield loss experienced following the extreme weather event that according to the farmer most affected its home, land, or parcel. Sample sizes vary across figures due to the sequencing of the survey: a the sample size corresponds to all 860 interviewed farmers, b sample size corresponds to total number or coffee (n = 287), maize (n = 413), and bean (n = 318) farmers indicating being affected by at least one extreme weather event and reporting general impacts on crop production; c sample size corresponds to coffee (n = 398), maize (n = 457), and bean (n = 353) farmers reporting being affected by at least on extreme event; and d sample size corresponds to total number or coffee (n = 398), maize (n = 446), and bean (n = 342) farmers indicating being affected by at least on extreme weather event and reporting general impacts on household income

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