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Table 1 Description of variables.

From: Determinants of livelihood diversification strategies in Borena pastoralist communities of Oromia regional state, Ethiopia

Variable name Description
Livelihood diversification strategy options of households “Y = 0”, (AG) pastoralism alone “Y = 1”, (AG + OFF) pastoralism and off-farm combination “Y = 2”, (AG + NF) Pastoralism and nonfarm combination “Y = 3”, (AG + OFF + NF) Pastoralism, off-farm and nonfarm
Age of household head A continuous variable measured in years
Sex of household head Sex of household head (1 = female and 0 = male)
Education of household heads Education level of household heads in number of years
Family size of the households The number of families in the household
Land holding size Land holding size of the households in hectare
Livestock (TLU) The total number of livestock in the household in tropical livestock unit
Farm input If Farm input used by the Household 0 = no 1 = yes
extension contact Frequency of extension contact a farmer has with extension agent in a year
Cooperatives Participation of the household in cooperatives (0 = no, 1 = yes)
Credit access Credit access and use by the household (0 = no, 1 = yes)
Market access Distance of market center from their residence in kilometers
Access to remittance If a household has external economic support from relatives (0 = no, 1 = yes)
Dependency ratio Dependency ratio of dependent household members over independent household members