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Table 2 Status of malnutrition in world and India

From: Millets: a solution to agrarian and nutritional challenges

  Agencies/studies References
2 billion people suffer from micronutrient malnutrition
800 million people suffer from calorie deficiency
2 million adults are overweight
One in 12 adults has type 2 diabetes
159 million children under age 5 are stunted (too short for their age)
50 million children under age 5 are wasted (Less weight for their height)
41 million children under age 5 are overweight (More weight for their height)
United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund,
International Food Policy Research Institute
[34, 35]
60 million children underweight (highest in world)
30% low birth weight babies
75% pre-school children suffer from iron deficiency anaemia
85% districts have endemic iodine deficiency
World bank [41]
35.7% of children under five are underweight; 58.4% of children between 6 and 59 months are anaemic; 53% of (non-pregnant) women are anaemic; National Family Health Survey 2015–2016 [42]
Global hunger index score = 31.4 (serious hunger situation)
21% of children in India suffers from wasting
Ranked 34th among leading countries with a serious hunger situation
Ranked third behind only Afghanistan and Pakistan (In south Asia)
Global hunger index 2017 [39]
17.3% stunted
15.1% wasted
29.4% children underweight
9.4% severely underweight
Rapid Survey on Children 2013–2014 (subjects—pre-school children) [43]
51 million people suffer from diabetes which is expected to increase to 79.4 million by 2030 (the increasing consumption of highly polished rice grains and decreasing consumption of coarse cereals contributes to this trend) Kaveeshvar and Cornwall [44]
18.5% children overweight
5.3% children obese
Misra et al. [45]