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Table 6 Parameter estimates of multinomial logit model for climate change adaptation decision

From: Smallholder farmers’ adaptation to climate change and determinants of their adaptation decisions in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia

Explanatory variable Crop diversification Changing input use intensity Change planting date Tree planting Integrating crop with livestock Soil and water conservation
Sex 1.030
(0.205)
1.067
(0.224)
−0.032
(0.212)
−1.823*
(0.031)
4.033
(0.983)
4.298
(0.981)
Age −0.042
(0.047)
0.053*
(0.024)
0.1764
(0.830)
−1.056*
(0.032)
−0.041
(0.173)
−0.041
(0.105)
Education 0.054
(0.503)
1.223**
(0.003)
1.046*
(0.065)
0.018*
(0.092)
−0.010
(0.922)
0.010*
(0.092)
HH size 0.0487
(0.458)
0.089
(0.194)
0.017
(0.830)
0.080
(0.292)
0.149*
(0.053)
0.149*
(0.053)
Farming experience 0.305
(0.025)
−0.015
(0.058)
0.441
(0.025)
−0.024
(0.94)
0.024
(0.943)
−0.037
(0.230)
Farm size 0.290
(0.005)
0.221
(0.508)
0.368
(0.245)
0.284
(0.401)
0.284**
(0.040)
0.356
(0.261)
Income 0.215
(0.014)
0.308
(0.016)
0.019
(0.629)
0.052**
(0.0286)
0.052*
(0.065)
0.011
(0.706)
Access to market −0.071
(0.879)
0.107*
(0.070)
−1.111
(0.161)
−0.042
(0.933)
−1.096
(0.221)
0.406
(0.250)
Access to climate information 2.370***
(0.000)
3.233**
(0.001)
2.048*
(0.018)
3.949*
(0.024)
3.949*
(0.024)
2.822**
(0.006)
Access to extension 3.087***
(0.000)
1.999
(0.022)
2.336
(0.051)
2.508
(0.025)
6.725
(0.991)
2.483
(0.071)
Livestock ownership 0.107
(0.070)
0.111
(0.057)
0.112**
(0.055)
0.110*
(0.061)
0.086*
(0.021)
0.117**
(0.045)
Constant −2.455
(0.043)
−1.717*
(0.078)
−1.884
(0.118)
−2.047
(0.997)
2.504*
(0.042)
−16.252
(0.991)
Base category No adaptation option
Number of observation 200
Prob > χ 2 0.000
Log likelihood −198.524
Pseudo R square 0.590
  1. ***, **, * Significant at 1, 5, and 10% probability level, respectively