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Table 13 Proportion of value actors using different means to reduce spoilage (%)

From: Characterization of pre- and postharvest losses of tomato supply chain in Ethiopia

Practice to reduce spoilage Producers (N = 60) Wholesaler (N = 29) Retailer (N = 22)
Collect during cool weather 23.3 10.3 0
Careful handling during harvest 48.3 34.5 18.75
Store under shade 10.0 3.4 37.5
Store in a cool place 1.7 17.2 12.5
Take care during transport 6.7 31.0 6.25
Use padding/cushioning material during transport   0
Harvest after buyers identified 23.3   
Sell at lower price   10.3 6.25
Nothing 8.3 3.4 12.5
  1. Source: Own Survey, 2015
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