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Table 2 Overview of frequencies of various strategies used along the continuum based on 19 Focus Group discussions

From: Food coping strategies in northern Ghana. A socio-spatial analysis along the urban–rural continuum

Strategy Urban Periurban Rural Averages
  Nyohani Gumani Junshegu Changli Bulpela Kanvili Kogni Bukpamu Jantu Kpangu Zobogu Dundo Pong Tamale Buhijaa Parashe Naya Zosali Yobsheri Digma Sobuanaa Kura Dijeo Urban average index Periurban average index Rural average index Total average index
a) Less preferred 7 0.5 28 14 14 14 14 7 4.5 21 14 7 4.5 9 7 7 28 7 7 12.9 10.3 10.8 11.3
b) Borrow 14 6 2 1.5 2 6 6 6 6 6 6 2 2 1.5 6 1.5 0 6 6 5.3 4.9 3.5 4.6
c) Credit 14 1 2 4.5 18 0 6 6 4.5 2 6 1.5 0 4.5 18 0 0 6 2 6.6 3.7 5.1 5.1
d) Wild plants 1 1 21 0 0 0 0 4.5 3 21 28 0 6 3 14 14 18 14 28 3.8 8.9 15.2 9.3
e) Hunt 1 13.5 4.5 0 0 4.5 4.5 9 9 4.5 3 0 0.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 0.5 0 0 3.9 4.4 2.3 3.6
f) Immature crops 1 0.5 0.5 0 13.5 4.5 4.5 9 2 1.5 1.5 0 7 14 1,5 3 14 3 3 3.3 3.6 6.4 4.4
g) Seed stock 21 3 4 3 6 1.5 0 4.5 0 13.5 28 0 6 3 3 6 2 2 18 6.4 7.4 5.7 6.6
h) Send children 21 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.5 0 13.5 4.5 0 0 1.5 0 6 4.5 0 6 3.5 3.2 3.0 3.2
j) Limit portion 0 1 28 0 21 7 3 9 1.5 14 14 0 2 14 14 7 14 7 7 9.5 6.2 10.5 8.6
k) Restrict adult intake 4 0.5 21 0 13.5 13.5 1.5 9 1.5 0 28 6 18 4.5 28 18 18 7 21 8.8 9.1 16.1 11.2
m) Buy prepared food 0 0 0 0 0 0 9 9 4.5 3 28 0 3 0 21 4.5 0 3 0 0.0 8.1 4.8 4.5
n) Reduce no of meals 2 1.5 21 0 4.5 14 0 3 6 9 13.5 0 9 1.5 9 4.5 13.5 14 21 7.2 5.8 10.6 7.7
o) Skip whole day 6 0 6 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2.3 0.3 0.3 0.9
p) Sell animals 0 0 2 0 1 0 1 0.5 0.5 3 1.5 3 3 0.5 6 1 0.5 0.5 1 0.5 1.8 1.6 1.3
q) Sell charcoal/firewood 0 0 1.5 0 0 0.5 4.5 4.5 1.5 1.5 0 0 4.5 3 1.5 0 4.5 4.5 0.5 0.3 2.4 2.3 1.7
Score 92 28.5 141.5 23 93.5 67.5 54 87.5 44.5 113.5 176 19.5 65.5 66.5 133.5 77 117.5 74 120.5 74.3 80.1 98.2 84
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