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Table 2 Descriptive statistics of nutritional status, dietary diversity, and household food security among rural and urban women in Narok County, Kenya (n = 649)

From: Household food insecurity access: a predictor of overweight and underweight among Kenyan women

Variables Population mean (SD) n (649) Rural mean (SD) n (162) Urban mean (SD) n (487) P value
Average meals per day 3.0 (0.51) 2.97 (0.47) 3.03 (0.52) 0.15
HDDS 6.56 (1.3) 6.41 (1.27) 6.61 (1.30) 0.093
HFIAS score 11.5 (6.26) 12.61 (6.80) 11.20 (6.03) 0.013
BMI (kg/m2) 24.0 (4.3) 22.4 (3.6) 24.5 (4.4) 0.000
 - Underweight (%) 5.6 11.2 3.7 0.000
 - Normal (%) 59.4 67.7 56.6 0.000
 - Overweight (%) 26.0 18.6 28.4 0.000
 - Obese (%) 9.1 2.5 11.3 0.000
Waist circumference ≥80 cm (%) 38.9 41.2 32.1 0.04
WHR (%) 26.2 29.0 25.3 0.34
  1. BMI: Body mass index (kg/m2), WHR: Waist to hip ratio, HFIAS: Household food insecurity access scale, HDDS: Household dietary diversity score.