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Table 2 Description, measurement, hypothesis and summary statistics of variables used in the model

From: Does food security exist among farm households? Evidence from Ghana

Variable description Measurement Hypothesis Percent Mean Std. deviation
Gender of head of household (GN) Dummy; 1 if male, 0 otherwise  + − 76.91   
Age of farm household head(AGE) Years of farm household head  + −   46.83 16.01
Years of formal education of farm household head(EDUYRS) Number of Years a farm household head has spent in school  +    6.15 5.88
Household members of farm household (HSIZE) Number of persons in a household  + −   7.83 4.21
Farming experience of farm household (FEXP) Number of years a farm household head has spent in crop production  + −   22.95 12.47
Farm household head growing improved crop varieties(HGWIMP) Dummy: 1 if yes, 0 otherwise  +  39.03   
Farm household total crop income(HINCOME)) Ghana cedi  +    4799.53 5519.66
Marital status (MAR) Dummy; 1 if married, 0 otherwise  +  87.67   
Resident status (RSTA) Dummy; 1 if resident, 0 otherwise  +  71.80   
Membership in Association (ASSM) Dummy; 1 if yes, 0 otherwise  +  60.05   
Farm household head able to contact extension staff (EXTACC) Dummy; 1 yes, 0 otherwise  +  79.10   
Farm household head able to receive credit(CRDACC) Dummy; 1 yes, 0 otherwise  +  49.90   
No formal education(NEDU) Dummy; 1 if yes, 0 otherwise 40.03   
Up to Primary 6 Dummy; 1 if yes, 0 otherwise  + − 2.03   
Up to Junior High School(JHS) Dummy; 1 if yes, 0 otherwise  +  28.01   
Up to Senior High School(SHS) Dummy; 1 if yes, 0 otherwise  +  27.20   
Tertiary (excluding university) (TEXUNI) Dummy; 1 if yes, 0 otherwise  +  2.04   
Tertiary (University) (TEUNI) Dummy; 1 yes, 0 otherwise  +  0.69   
Region of farm household head (REG_Ashanti) Dummy; 1if Ashanti, 0 otherwise  +  13.25   
Region of farm household head (REG_Brong Ahafo) Dummy; 1 if Brong Ahafo, 0 otherwise  +  18.82   
Region of farm household head (REG_Central) Dummy; 1 if Central, 0 otherwise 10.80   
Region of farm household head (REG_Eastern) Dummy; 1 if Eastern, 0 otherwise  +  13.52   
Region of farm household(REG_Greater Accra) Dummy; 1 if Greater Accra, 0 otherwise 3.23   
Region of farm household head (REG_Northern) Dummy; 1 if Northern, 0 otherwise 11.49   
Region of farm household head(REG_Upper East) Dummy; 1 if Upper East, 0 otherwise 7.53   
Region of farm household head(REG_Upper West) Dummy; 1 if Upper West, 0 otherwise 4.73   
Region of farm household(REG_Volta) Dummy; 1 if Volta, 0 otherwise  + − 13.48   
Region of farm household head(REG_Western) Dummy; 1 if Western, 0 otherwise 3.15