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Table 2 Description, measurement, hypothesis and summary statistics of variables used in the model

From: Does food security exist among farm households? Evidence from Ghana

Variable description

Measurement

Hypothesis

Percent

Mean

Std. deviation

Gender of head of household (GN)

Dummy; 1 if male, 0 otherwise

 + −

76.91

  

Age of farm household head(AGE)

Years of farm household head

 + −

 

46.83

16.01

Years of formal education of farm household head(EDUYRS)

Number of Years a farm household head has spent in school

 + 

 

6.15

5.88

Household members of farm household (HSIZE)

Number of persons in a household

 + −

 

7.83

4.21

Farming experience of farm household (FEXP)

Number of years a farm household head has spent in crop production

 + −

 

22.95

12.47

Farm household head growing improved crop varieties(HGWIMP)

Dummy: 1 if yes, 0 otherwise

 + 

39.03

  

Farm household total crop income(HINCOME))

Ghana cedi

 + 

 

4799.53

5519.66

Marital status (MAR)

Dummy; 1 if married, 0 otherwise

 + 

87.67

  

Resident status (RSTA)

Dummy; 1 if resident, 0 otherwise

 + 

71.80

  

Membership in Association (ASSM)

Dummy; 1 if yes, 0 otherwise

 + 

60.05

  

Farm household head able to contact extension staff (EXTACC)

Dummy; 1 yes, 0 otherwise

 + 

79.10

  

Farm household head able to receive credit(CRDACC)

Dummy; 1 yes, 0 otherwise

 + 

49.90

  

No formal education(NEDU)

Dummy; 1 if yes, 0 otherwise

40.03

  

Up to Primary 6

Dummy; 1 if yes, 0 otherwise

 + −

2.03

  

Up to Junior High School(JHS)

Dummy; 1 if yes, 0 otherwise

 + 

28.01

  

Up to Senior High School(SHS)

Dummy; 1 if yes, 0 otherwise

 + 

27.20

  

Tertiary (excluding university) (TEXUNI)

Dummy; 1 if yes, 0 otherwise

 + 

2.04

  

Tertiary (University) (TEUNI)

Dummy; 1 yes, 0 otherwise

 + 

0.69

  

Region of farm household head (REG_Ashanti)

Dummy; 1if Ashanti, 0 otherwise

 + 

13.25

  

Region of farm household head (REG_Brong Ahafo)

Dummy; 1 if Brong Ahafo, 0 otherwise

 + 

18.82

  

Region of farm household head (REG_Central)

Dummy; 1 if Central, 0 otherwise

10.80

  

Region of farm household head (REG_Eastern)

Dummy; 1 if Eastern, 0 otherwise

 + 

13.52

  

Region of farm household(REG_Greater Accra)

Dummy; 1 if Greater Accra, 0 otherwise

3.23

  

Region of farm household head (REG_Northern)

Dummy; 1 if Northern, 0 otherwise

11.49

  

Region of farm household head(REG_Upper East)

Dummy; 1 if Upper East, 0 otherwise

7.53

  

Region of farm household head(REG_Upper West)

Dummy; 1 if Upper West, 0 otherwise

4.73

  

Region of farm household(REG_Volta)

Dummy; 1 if Volta, 0 otherwise

 + −

13.48

  

Region of farm household head(REG_Western)

Dummy; 1 if Western, 0 otherwise

3.15