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Table 4 Summary of the results of studies investigating amount, distance-dependent, and structural effects of forest patches on bees

From: Amount, distance-dependent and structural effects of forest patches on bees in agricultural landscapes

  Country (%) Distance/area (%) Species (%) Matrix (%) Results (%)
Distance-dependent effects (n  = 36) Brazil (22) < 2 km (83.3) Native bee (63.8) Coffee (27.7) Negative (77.7)
Other (78) > 2 km (16.7) Honeybee (36.1) Other (72.3) Positive (13.5)
Amount effects (n  = 33) Brazil (27.7) < 2 km (75.7) Native bee (85) Soybean (12) Negative (21)
Other (72.3)   2 km (29.3) Honeybee (15) Other (88) Positive (66.6)
Structural effects (n  = 31) Brazil (29) Area  < 100 ha (36) Native bee (84) Farm (58) Negative (17)
Other (71) Area  > 100 ha (64) Honeybee (16) Other (42) Positive (47)