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Table 5 Distribution of respondents by constraints faced in apple production

From: Baseline study of growers’ constraints in the production of apple (Malus domestica) in Plateau State Nigeria

S/N Constraints faced by apple growers Major constraints (%) Minor constraints (%) Not a constraint (%) Mean Rank
1 Ineffective extension services 96.7 0.0 3.3 1.93** 1st
2 Inadequate finance and credit facilities 93.3 3.3 3.3 1.90** 2nd
3 High cost of farm input 86.7 10.0 3.3 1.83** 3rd
4 Capital intensiveness of the enterprise 83.3 13.3 3.3 1.80** 4th
5 Lack of support from government 83.3 13.3 3.3 1.80** 4th
6 Scarcity of farm inputs like quality apple scions and rootstocks 83.3 13.3 3.3 1.80** 4th
7 Invasion of Fulani herdsmen 70.0 26.7 3.3 1.67* 7th
8 Pest and disease infestation 50 50 0.0 1.50* 8th
9 Incessant communal conflict 60.0 23.3 16.7 1.43* 9th
10 Land tenure problem 43.3 33.3 23.3 1.20* 10th
11 Climate change 30 50 20 1.10* 11th
12 Poor soil fertility 20.0 66.7 13.3 1.07 12th
13 The production of apples is stressful 23.3 43.3 33.3 0.90 13th
14 Shortage of farm labour 13.3 46.7 40.0 0.73 14th
15 Perishability of the crop 3.3 3.3 93.3 0.10 15th
16 Inadequate storage facilities 3.3 3.3 93.3 0.10 15th
17 Lack of transport facilities 0.0 3.3 96.7 0.03 17th
18 Glut particularly at the peak of production 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.00 18th
19 Unavailability of market 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.00 18th
  1. Source: Field Survey, 2017
  2. Grand mean = 1.09; ** = major constraints; * = minor constraints