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Table 3 Attractive plant species for bees in urban environments

From: A review of diversity of bees, the attractiveness of host plants and the effects of landscape variables on bees in urban gardens

References Country Garden Attractive species
[25] USA Urban garden Asteraceae, and Lamiaceae
[66] USA Urban garden Ornamental plants
[72] Egypt Urban garden Achillea santolina, Chenopodium album, Beta vulgaris, Foeniculum vulgare
[30] UK Urban garden Borago officinalis, Lavandula * intermedia ‘Grosso’
[34] UK Urban garden Sedum, Origanum
[33] UK Urban garden Aster
[29] UK Urban garden Iberis, Alstromeria, Tradescantia
[2] USA Urban garden Asclepias tuberosa and A. fascicularis
[91] USA Urban garden Harvestable crops and ornamental flowers
[87] Philippine Urban garden Bidens pilosa (Asteraceae) and Brassica rapa (Brassicaceae)
[4] UK Urban garden Cirsium arvense, Taraxacum agg, Rubus fruticosus agg, Ranunculus repens
[83] UK Urban garden Calamintha nepeta, Helenium autumnale, and Geranium rozanne
[55] USA Urban garden Non-native, perennial, ornamental
[45] Poland Urban garden Lonicera
[19] France Urban garden H. maximum, C. jacea, L. corniculatus
[17] USA Urban garden Borago, Phacelia, milkweed
[99] USA Urban garden Ascelpias curassavica
[43] Ukraine Urban garden Rhinanthus vernalis, Echium vulgare, Cirsium arvense, Trifolium pratensis,
[90] Poland Urban garden Asteraceae, Fabaceae, and Lamiaceae
[93] Australia Urban garden Brassica rapa and Ocimum basilicum
[100] USA Urban garden Ruderal plant
[62] Germany Urban garden Bidens ssp., Coreopsis ssp. and Euphorbia hypericifolia
[3] USA Urban garden A. incarnate, A. tuberosa