Skip to main content

Table 1 Evaluation metrics for PfR projects focused on market creation, by analysis method

From: An evaluation framework and empirical evidence on the effect of pay-for-results programs on the development of markets for welfare-enhancing agricultural technologies

Market system analysis
Evaluation question Did the PfR motivate the private sector to overcome key constraints to developing an inclusive market?
Metrics Demand-side and supply-side constraints to market development [FS]
Role of enabling environment in promoting or constraining development of market [FS]
Evaluation question Did the PfR engage the private sector?
Metrics Numbers of market actors competing and number that win the prize [FS]
Type of market actors that compete and type that win (e.g., large companies, traders)[FS]
Private sector actors' business cases for investment in market [FS]
Evaluation question Did PfR lead to the development of an inclusive and sustainable market?
Metrics Percentage of target product produced or transacted in the relevant market area
Participation of smallholder farmers, women and other marginalized groups relative to their presence in the relevant market area
Competitor’s demonstrated engagement or intent to continue to engage in the market
Causal impact analysis
Evaluation question Did the PfR lead to technology adoption by farmers?
Metrics Farmers’ knowledge, attitude, practices regarding the technology
Farmers' adoption of technology
Differential impacts on adoption for vulnerable subgroups
Evaluation question Did the PfR lead to improved farmer well-being?
Metrics Farmer well-being
Differential impacts on well-being for vulnerable subgroups
Cost-effectiveness analysis
Evaluation question Was the PfR cost-effective?
Metrics Prize amounts paid as a proportion of costs of prize amounts paid, project design, management and verification [FS]
Cost per persons reached, volumes traded
Costs per unit of 'result' (“R” in PfR) achieved
Costs per unit of final outcomes measured