Skip to main content

Table 9 Average treatment effect of improved rice technologies adoption net income per acre: PSM estimation

From: The impact of uptake of selected agricultural technologies on rice farmers’ income distribution in Ghana

Matching Algorithm Mean Outcomes
Rice variety users (n = 164) Non-users (n = 401) ATT t-value Change (%)
NNM 1017.80 261.24 756.57 2.13** 289.61
KBM 906.99 524.39 382.60 2.14** 72.96
Radius 1017.80 630.95 386.85 8.11*** 61.31
Matching algorithm Rice variety users (n = 164) Fertilizer users (n = 103) ATT t-value Change (%)
NNM 1017.80 1224.15 −206.35 −0.95 −16.86
KBM 1017.80 1288.51 −270.71 −1.50 −21.01
Radius 1017.80 1175.61 −157.81 −3.40*** −13.42
Matching algorithm Rice variety users (n = 164) Both rice variety and fertilizers users (n = 249) ATT t-value Change (%)
NNM 1017.80 1578.31 −560.50 −4.01*** −35.51
KBM 1020.80 1552.71 −531.91 −4.81*** −34.26
Radius 1017.80 1599.74 −581.94 −12.44*** −36.38
Matching algorithm Fertilizers users (n = 103) Non-users (n = 401) ATT t-value Change (%)
NNM 1175.61 149.86 1025.75 2.73*** 684.47
KBM 886.40 636.73 249.67 1.29 39.21
Radius 1175.61 630.95 544.66 7.31*** 86.32
Matching algorithm Fertilizers users (n = 103) Rice variety users (n = 164) ATT t-value Change (%)
NNM 1175.61 1037.97 137.65 0.91 13.26
KBM 1175.61 1065.77 109.85 0.80 10.31
Radius 1175.61 1017.80 157.81 2.14** 15.51
Matching algorithm Fertilizers users (n = 103) Both rice variety and fertilizers users (n = 249) ATT t-value Change (%)
NNM 1175.61 1481.20 −305.59 −2.30** −20.63
KBM 1175.61 1484.87 −309.25 −2.83*** −20.83
Radius 1175.61 1599.74 −424.13 −5.73*** −26.51
  1. ATT, Average Treatment Effect on the Treated, *,** and *** are significant at 10, 5 and 1% levels, respectively