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Table 2 Determinants of uptake of improved rice varieties and fertilizer: BFG first stage

From: The impact of uptake of selected agricultural technologies on rice farmers’ income distribution in Ghana

Independent variable Improved rice variety Fertilizer application Both rice variety and fertilizer
Coeff (std. err) Marginal effect (std. err) Coeff (std. err) Marginal effect (std. err) Coeff (std. err) Marginal effect (std. err)
Gender −1.2828 (0.4170)*** −0.0499 (0.0591) −0.1453 (0.4745) −0.1574 (0.0434)*** −3.7187 (0.7577)*** −0.3638 (0.0813)***
Ln_Age −0.5576 (0.2249)** −0.0407 (0.0251) −1.6143 (0.3065)*** −0.0830 (0.0222)*** −1.2932 (0.2797)*** −0.0615 (0.0252)**
Ln_Years_Sch 0.1455 (0.0950) 0.0126 (0.0104)* 0.1737 (0.1125) 0.0096 (0.0082) 0.0628 (0.1066) 0.0079 (0.0095)
Marriage −1.3020 (0.2741)*** −0.0468 (0.0249)* −1.6572 (0.3033)*** −0.0573 (0.0186)*** −1.5837 (0.2943)*** −0.0489 (0.0212)**
Ln_Adults_size 0.1207 (0.3159) −0.0079 (0.0208) 0.1215 (0.3190) 0.0041 (0.0113) 0.1024 (0.3172) 0.0004 (0.0116)
Ln_Farm_Size 0.4629 (0.1561)*** 0.0061 (0.0187) 0.5292 (0.1850)*** 0.0078 (0.0143) 0.7575 (0.1951)*** 0.0431 (0.0194)**
Land_Ownership 0.6389 (0.2592)** 0.0290 (0.0272) 1.4902 (0.3225)*** 0.1028 (0.0234)*** 0.4048 (0.2770) 0.0461 (0.0238)*
Attend_Training_Prog 0.3483 (0.2232) −0.000 (0.0237) 0.4982 (0.2571) 0.0131 (0.0180)* 0.6162 (0.2480) 0.0343 (0.0213)**
Percieved_ Lab_Inten_Imp_seed −0.4515 (0.2252)** −0.0814 (0.0239)*** 0.2309 (0.2619) −0.0255 (0.0183) −0.1774 (0.2496) −0.0407 (0.0214)*
Percieved_Lab_Inten_Fert_Use −0.0677 (0.2409) −0.0768 (0.0241)*** −1.3620 (0.2716)*** −0.0893 (0.0190)*** −0.8445 (0.2554)*** −0.0471 (0.0210)**
Percieved_Cap_Inten_Fert_Use −0.0040 (0.2455) −0.0588 (0.0243)** −0.7861 (0.2762)*** −0.0468 (0.0185)** −0.6405 (0.2654)** −0.0478 (0.0211)**
Ln_seed_cost −0.1817 (0.0515)*** −0.0199 (0.0049)*** −0.2448 (0.0637)*** −0.0339 (0.0038)*** −0.1982 (0.0553)*** −0.0218 (0.0039)***
ln_TLU −0.2270 (0.1114)** −0.0342 (0.0113)*** −0.1349 (0.1250) −0.0095 (0.0086) 0.0819 (0.1204) 0.0289 (0.0098)***
Ln_Hours_Other_Eco_Act −0.2458 (0.3471) −0.1719 (0.0376)*** −1.6489 (0.4076)*** −0.0424 (0.0285) −2.6795 (0.3962)*** −0.2467 (0.0343)***
Ln_Infants_cent −1.1285 (0.5919)* −0.0275 (0.0408) −1.7505 (0.6059)*** −0.0748 (0.0244)*** −1.4560 (0.5940)** −0.0408 (0.0247)*
Ln_ Hours_Com_ activities −4.6982 (0.7081)*** −0.4163 (0.0736)*** −3.7439 (0.8125)*** −0.1209 (0.0562)** −2.6220 (0.8041) ** −0.1133 (0.0691)
Location 0.6711 (0.2966)** 0.0768 (0.0302)** 0.7448 (0.3327)** 0.0497 (0.0222)** 0.0091 (0.3073) 0.0681 (0.0250)***
Ln_Income_Other_Crop 0.0002 (0.0002) −0.0000 (0.0000) 0.0002 (0.0002) −0.0000 (0.0000) 0.0007 (0.0002)*** 0.0001 (0.0000)***
Constant 13.0434 (2.0447)***   16.0160 (2.4475)***   13.8671 (2.3192)***  
  1. Source: authors own computation, 2016
  2. No. Obs = 917
  3. LR for all coefficient Chi2 (66) = 436.63***
  4. LR for non-interacted terms Chi2 (57) = 422.90***
  5. LR for interacted terms Chi2 (9) = 59.93***
  6. Log likelihood = −551.9129
  7. VIF = 1.31