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Table 5 Pairwise FST values and Nm values based on 999 permutations from AMOVA according to regions of origin and altitude classes (all FST values were significantly greater than 0, p < 0.0001)

From: Spatial and temporal genetic variation in Ethiopian barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) landraces as revealed by simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers

Regions FST Nm Altitude classes* FST Nm
Amhara Oromia 0.033 7.326 Altitude class I Altitude class II 0.074 3.128
Amhara SNNP 0.189 1.073 Altitude class I Altitude class III 0.128 1.703
Amhara Tigray 0.045 5.306 Altitude class I Altitude class IV 0.307 0.564
Amhara B/Gumuz 0.081 2.836 Altitude class II Altitude class III 0.053 4.467
Oromia SNNP 0.047 5.069 Altitude class II Altitude class IV 0.092 2.467
Oromia Tigray 0.208 0.952 Altitude class III Altitude class IV 0.021 11.655
Oromia B/Gumuz 0.104 2.154 Cluster FST Nm
SNNP Tigray 0.259 0.715 Cluster I Cluster II 0.046 5.185
SNNP B/Gumuz 0.106 2.108 Cluster I Cluster III 0.131 1.658
Tigray B/Gumuz 0.348 0.468 Cluster II Cluster III 0.064 3.656
  1. *Altitude class I (≤ 1500 m), Altitude class II (1501-2000 m), Altitude class III (2001-2500 m) and Altitude class III (> 2500 m), FST Fixation index, Nm number of migrants