Skip to main content

Table 2 Definition of variables, measurements and summary statistics

From: Crop–livestock diversification in the mixed farming systems: implication on food security in Northern Ghana

Variable Measurement Mean SD
Demographic factors
 Sex of household head Dummy (1 if male, otherwise 0) 0.841 0.365
 Marital status of the household head Dummy (1 if married, otherwise 0) 0.946 0.225
 Age of household head Years 47.69 14.56
Socioeconomic
 Farming as the primary occupation Dummy (1 if farming, otherwise 0) 0.89 0.096
 Household practices irrigation Dummy (1 if yes, otherwise 0) 0.12 0.14
 Farm size Continuous (acres) 3.917 4.037
 Land ownership Dummy (1 if yes, otherwise 0) 0.872 0.121
Institutional factors
 Access to agricultural credit Dummy (1 if yes, otherwise 0) 0.189 0.285
 Extension service Dummy (1 if yes, otherwise 0) 0.608 0.488
 Farmer groups Dummy (1 if yes, otherwise 0) 0.352 0.477
 Non-farm employment Dummy (1 if yes, otherwise 0) 0.333 0.471
 Crop diversity index Index 1.801 1.155
 Livestock diversity index Index 0.527 0.382
 Crop–livestock diversity index Index 1.71 0.76