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Table 2 Impacts of droughts on livestock in African countries for the year 1981 to 1999

From: Impact of climate change on biodiversity and food security: a global perspective—a review article

Date Location Livestock losses Source
1981–1984 Botswana 20% of national herd [243]
1982–1984 Niger 62% of national cattle herd [244, 245]
1983–1984 Ethiopia (Borana Plateau) 45–90% of calves, 45% of cows, 22% of mature males [246]
1991 Northern Kenya 28% of cattle; 18% of sheep and goats [247, 248]
1991–1993 Ethiopia (Borana) 42% of cattle [189, 249]
1993 Namibia 22% of cattle; 41% of goats and sheep [250]
1995–1997 Greater Horn of Africa (average of 9 pastoral areas) 20% of cattle; 20% of sheep and goats [247, 251]
1995–1997 Southern Ethiopia 46% of cattle; 41% of sheep and goats [194]
1998–1999 Ethiopia (Borana) 62% of cattle [189, 249]