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Table 12 Convergent validity indicators and reliability of research variables

From: The role of rural–urban linkages in perceived environmental effects of farmers for participation in sustainable food security plans

Hidden variables Cronbach's Alpha rho_A Composite reliability (CR) AVE R2
Training 0.768 0.812 0.863 0.679 0.054
Knowledge and skills 0.757 0.791 0.890 0.802 0.829
Accessing to resources 0.866 0.874 0.909 0.715 0.461
Institutionalism 0.772 0.834 0.865 0.684 0.091
Empowerment affected by rural–urban linkages 0.853 0.857 0.901 0.696 0.538
Perceived environmental–ecological effects from the plans 0.735 0.745 0.834 0.558 0.114
Perceived political–cultural effects from the plans 0.810 0.849 0.859 0.511 0.576
Perceived socio-economic effects from the plans 0.910 0.910 0.933 0.735 0.713
Participation in the sustainable food security plans 0.820 0.824 0.881 0.649 0.558
  1. Source: Research findings, 2020