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Table 2 Descriptive results

From: Determinants of scale of farm operation in the eastern region of Ghana

Variables Description of variables Cassava farm size Maize farm size  
   Small-scale (less than 2 ha) Medium-scale (2 – 5 ha) Small-scale (Less than 5 ha) Medium-scale (5 –20 ha) A priori
(n = 97) (n = 24) (n = 85) (n = 25) Expectation
   Mean Std. Dev Mean Std. Dev Mean Std. Dev Mean Std. Dev  ± 
Age Age of household heads: 0 = youth, 1 = adult 0.525 0.525 0.541 0.508 0.6 0.493 0.8 0.408  + 
Gender Gender of household head: 0 = female, 1 = male 0.814 0.391 0.875 0.337 0.952 0.213 0.92 0.276  + 
Educational level Level of education of household head, 0 = no formal, 1 = basic, 2 = SHS, 3 = tertiary 1.144 0.749 1.25 0.793 1.152 0.932 1.16 0.943  + 
Marital Status Marital status of household head:0 = single, 1 = married 0.886 0.318 0.791 0.414 0.917 0.276 1 0  + 
District The location of the farm, 0 = Suhum Kraboa Coaltar 1 = Afram Plains South, 2 = West Akim 1 0.889 0.958 0.858 0.905 0.683 0.88 0.781  + 
Household Size Number of household members 6.114 2.944 5.791 3.562 7.69 4.376 7.32 3.145  + 
FBO FBO membership, 0 = no, 1 = yes 0.175 0.382 0.208 0.414 0.529 0.502 0.44 0.506  ± 
Experience Farming experience 0 = less than 30 years, 1 = above 30 years 0.103 0.305 0.125 0.337 0.729 0.446 0.8 0.408  + 
Land Acquisition Access to land: 0 = self-owned, 1 = others 0.711 0.455 0.75 0.442 0.658 0.476 0.88 0.331  + 
Hybrid Plant. mat Use of hybrid planting materials: 0 = no, 1 = yes 0.835 0.373 0.875 0.337 0.788 0.41 0.84 0.374
Extension Access to extension services: 0 = no, 1 = yes 0.278 0.45 0.166 0.38 0.941 0.236 0.96 0.2  + 
Credit Access to credit: 0 = no, 1 = yes 0.278 0.45 0.333 0.481 0.235 0.426 0.12 0.331  + 
  1. Authors: 2019