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Table 4 Descriptive analytical results for dummy explanatory variables by choice of livelihood strategies.

From: Determinants of rural livelihood diversification strategies among Chewaka resettlers’ communities of southwestern Ethiopia

Variables Livelihood strategies of the households
Response AG AG + NF AG + OFF AG + NF + OFF Total χ2-value
Sex Male 109 (28.4%) 82 (21.3%) 63 (16.4%) 44 (11.5%) 298 (77.6%) 26.733***
Female 57 (14.8%) 16 (4.2%) 11 (2.9%) 2 (0.5%) 86 (22.4%)
Credit access Yes 32 (8.3%) 53 (13.8%) 33 (8.6%) 28 (7.3%) 146 (38.0%) 47.024***
No 134 (34.9%) 45 (11.7%) 41 (10.7%) 18 (4.7%) 238 (62.0%)
Educational status Literate 31 (8.1%) 35 (9.1%) 20 (5.2%) 20 (5.2%) 106 (27.6%) 15.661**
Illiterate 135 (35.2%) 63 (16.4%) 54 (14.1%) 26 (6.8%) 278 (72.4%)
Improved seed Yes 65 (19.9%) 38 (9.9%) 32 (8.3%) 23 (6.0%) 158 (41.1%) 2.122
No 101 (26.3%) 60 (15.6%) 42 (11%) 23 (6.0%) 226 (58.9%)
Fertilizer use Yes 139 (36.2%) 66 (17.2%) 49 (12.8%) 27 (7.0%) 281 (73.2%) 17.866***
No 27 (7.0%) 32 (8.3%) 25 (6.5%) 19 (5.0%) 103 (26.8%)
Agro-ecology Highland 38 (9.9%) 23 (6.0%) 16 (4.2%) 13 (3.4%) 90 (23.4%) 0.760
Lowland 128 (33.3%) 75 (19.5%) 58 (15.1%) 33 (8.6%) 294 (76.6%)
Cooperatives Yes 65 (16.9%) 30 (7.8%) 17 (4.4%) 15 (3.9%) 127 (33.1%) 6.459
No 101 (26.3%) 68 (17.7%) 57 (14.9%) 31 (8.1%) 257 (66.9%)
Leadership Yes 22 (5.7%) 11 (2.9%) 5 (1.3%) 5 (1.3%) 43 (11.2%) 2.178
No 144 (37.5%) 87 (22.6%) 69 (18.0%) 41 (10.7%) 341 (88.8%)
Training Yes 46 (12.0%) 43 (11.2%) 22 (5.7%) 17 (4.4%) 128 (33.3%) 7.969**
No 120 (31.2%) 55 (14.3%) 52 (13.6%) 29 (7.6%) 256 (66.7%)
  1. ***, ** indicates significant at < 1% and 5% probability levels, respectively