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Table 4 Adequacy scores by dual households.

From: Women empowerment, Land Tenure and Property Rights, and household food security among smallholders in Nigeria

Five domains of empowerment Male Female Total
Mean (SEM) Mean (SEM) Mean (SEM)
Production
 Asset ownership 0.89 (0.009) 0.53 (0.015) 0.96 (0.006)
 Access to and decision on credit 0.35 (0.015) 0.16 (0.011) 0.40 (0.015)
Leadership
 Group membership 0.89 (0.010) 0.60 (0.015) 0.89 (0.009)
Resources
 Input in productive decisions 0.84 (0.011) 0.63 (0.015) 0.84 (0.011)
Income
 Control over use of income 0.79 (0.012) 0.48 (0.015) 0.87 (0.010)
Time allocation
 Workload 0.69 (0.014) 0.76 (0.013) 0.88 (0.010)
 Empowerment (5 DE index) 0.77 (0.006) 0.57 (0.007) 0.81 (0.005)
  1. Standard error of mean (SEM) in parenthesis