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Table 2 Socio-economic characteristics of the maize and rice farming households.

From: Women empowerment, Land Tenure and Property Rights, and household food security among smallholders in Nigeria

GPZ NC NE NW SE SS SW All
Variables % % % % % % %
Age group
 At most 30 15.9 11.8 10.5 3.1 9.1 4.1 9.5
 31–40 29.6 29.4 25.0 24.7 35.2 23.0 26.6
 41–50 31.8 32.9 34.3 42.3 29.6 37.8 34.8
 51–60 14.8 17.7 22.1 16.5 17.1 25.0 20.2
 Above 60 8.0 8.2 8.1 13.4 9.1 10.2 9.0
Mean age (years) 44 45 46 48 45 48 46
Gender
 Male 89.2 97.7 97.1 96.9 86.4 88.3 93.3
 Female 10.8 2.4 2.9 3.1 13.6 11.7 6.7
Marital status
 Married 98.3 96.5 98.1 96.9 96.6 98.0 97.7
 Single 0.6 2.4 1.2 3.1 0.0 0.0 1.0
 Widow/divorced 1.1 1.2 0.7 0.0 3.4 2.0 1.2
Education attainment
 No formal education 30.1 23.5 33.6 13.4 25.0 10.7 25.4
 Arabic education 4.0 0.0 14.8 1.0 0.0 0.0 6.6
 Primary education 18.8 14.1 16.2 35.1 21.6 26.0 20.4
 Secondary education 25.6 21.2 15.2 21.7 33.0 41.8 24.4
 Tertiary education 21.6 41.2 20.2 28.9 20.5 21.4 23.2
Mean education attainment (years) 8 9 6 9 8 10 8
Household size
 1–5 17.1 28.2 15.0 39.2 31.8 38.8 24.4
 6–10 43.2 49.4 35.5 38.1 44.3 51.5 41.8
 11–15 21.0 11.8 27.6 17.5 21.6 8.2 20.2
 Above 15 18.8 10.6 21.9 5.2 2.3 1.5 13.6
Mean household size 11 9 11 7 7 7 10
Farm size (ha)
 Large farm (> 5Ha) 5.1 9.4 8.3 11.3 12.5 15.3 9.8
 Medium farm (2–5 Ha) 25.6 30.6 26.2 28.9 22.7 30.6 27.2
 Small farm (< 2Ha) 69.3 60.0 65.5 59.8 64.8 54.1 63.0
Mean farm size (ha) 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.5 3.0 2.4
Simpson Index
 Fragmented 47.7 49.4 43.3 40.2 47.7 64.8 48.6
 Consolidated 52.3 50.6 56.7 59.8 52.3 35.2 51.4
Mean Simpson Index 52.0 51.0 57.0 60.0 52.0 35.0 51.0
  1. NC North central, NE Northeast, NW Northwest, SE Southeast, SS South-South, SW Southwest