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Table 2 Relationship between discrete variables and HH food security status (N = 200; FS = 72; FIS = 128)

From: Household food insecurity and coping strategies in Southern Ethiopia

Variable Categories FS
(%)
FIS
(%)
χ2
Agro-ecology Lowland 42 44 0.0402
Midland 48 46
Soil and water conservation No 26 83 64.68
Yes 74 17
Sex of HH Male 56 66 2.083
Female 44 34
Agricultural extension No 33 10 14.004***
Yes 67 90
Access to irrigation No 80 51 18.557***
Yes 20 49
Provision of drought-resistant seed No 84 30 58.66***
Yes 26 70
Productive safety net program participation No 64 60 0.3704
Yes 36 40
Chemical fertilizer No 84 30 25.930***
Yes 26 70
Climatic Information No 75 25 48.625***
Yes 25 75
  1. ***Significant at 1% χ2 chi-square