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Table 3 Socio-economic characteristics of the households in the study areas

From: Farmers’ preferred traits and perceived production constraints of bread wheat under drought-prone agro-ecologies of Ethiopia

Descriptions Districts Degrees of freedom X2-value p-value
Sire Dodota Hetosa
Farm size owned
 < 1 ha 27 (50.0) 13 (22.4) 18 (31.0) 4 18.905 0.001
 1–3 ha 24 (44.4) 33 (56.9) 38 (65.5)
 > 3 ha 3 (5.6) 12 (20.7) 2 (3.4)
Improved seed source
 Farmers’ cooperative 10 (18.5) 7 (12.1) 20 (34.5) 12 34.51 0.001
 Research centre 3 (5.6) 3 (5.2) 3 (5.2)
 Seed enterprise 3 (5.6) 2 (3.4) 3 (5.2)
 Farm saved 1 (1.9) 1 (1.7) 9 (15.5)
 Neighbouring farmers 9 (16.7) 18 (31.0) 14 (24.1)
 NGO 3 (5.6) 1 (1.7)
 BOANR 25 (46.3) 26 (44.8) 9 (15.5)
Source of extension information
 Agricultural Extension Staff (DAs) 29 (53.7) 42 (72.4) 39 (67.2) 6 13.784 0.032
 Radio 22 (40.7) 13 (22.4) 13 (22.4)
 Television 2 (3.7)
 Other 1 (1.9) 3 (5.2) 6 (10.3)
Membership to farmers’ organization
 Yes 32 (59.3) 30 (51.7) 33 (56.9) 2 0.681 0.712
 No 22 (40.7) 28 (48.3) 25 (43.1)
Years of membership to farmers’ organization
 < 5 31 (57.4) 33 (56.9) 40 (69.0) 4 2.556 0.635
 5–10 11 (20.4) 11 (19.0) 7 (12.1)
 > 10 12 (22.2) 14 (24.1) 11 (19.0)
  1. Source: Farm household survey, 2018
  2. (–) indicates no response. Values outside and inside the bracket indicate the frequency and proportion in percentage, respectively