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Table 5 OLS regression of the effects of crop diversification on household food security

From: Analyzing the contribution of crop diversification in improving household food security among wheat dominated rural households in Sinana District, Bale Zone, Ethiopia

Variables DDS HFIAS
Coef P > t Coef P > t
Crop Diversification Index (number) 1.01 0.00* − 1.48 0.00*
Sex of household head (male/female) − 0.27 0.36 0.02 0.98
Age of household head (year) 0.01 0.32 − 0.05 0.07***
Edu of household head (year of schooling) 0.14 0.25 − 0.79 0.02**
Household size (number) − 0.05 0.32 0.18 0.16
Farm land size (in hectares) 0.14 0.05** − 0.29 0.13
Irrigation farming (yes/no) 0.63 0.10 − 0.35 0.74
Access to credit (yes/no) 0.00 0.99 − 0.10 0.90
Membership to famers cooperatives (yes/no) 0.10 0.60 − 0.25 0.67
Distance to the nearest market (walking min/h) − 0.03 0.00* 0.06 0.02**
Total annual net income (birr) 0.18 0.18 0.83 0.12
Livestock ownership in TLU 0.06 0.01** 0.03 0.64
Access to remittance (birr) − 0.68 0.01** 2.82 0.00*
Participation on off/non-farm activities (yes/no) 0.14 0.56 − 0.21 0.74
_cons 4.99 0.00 7.11 0.00
R2 22.0   15.0  
Adjusted R2 19.01   11.7  
F 1.8   4.9  
N 383   383  
  1. *, **, and *** indicate statistical significance at 1, 5, and 10% probability levels, respectively
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