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Table 1 Description, definition, and values of variables used in the logistic regression

From: Determinants of smallholder farmers’ adaptation strategies to the effects of climate change: Evidence from northern Uganda

Variable Definition Value and unit of measurement
Dependent variables
 Adaptation strategy Adaptation options Dummy, 0 = not using the adaptation strategy
1 = using the adaptation strategy
  Adaptation strategies considered in this study included planting of drought-resistant varieties, use of improved seeds, use of chemical fertilizers, use of pesticides, fallowing the garden, and planting different crop varieties
Variable Definition Value and unit of measurement Apriori expectation (Citation)
Independent variables
 Gender Gender of the household head Dummy variable, 0 = Female 1 = male  ± [15, 40, 41]
 Household size Number of family members Categorical, 1 = 1–5, 2 = 6–10, 3 = 11–15, 4 = 16–20, 5 = 21–25  + [42,43,44]
 Marital status Marital status of the household head Dummy variable, 1 = married, 0 = not married  ± [4, 45, 46]
 Farming experience Number of years of farming by household Continuous variable (years),  ± [15, 40, 47]
 Extension services Access to extension services Dummy variable, 1 = access to extension services 0 = otherwise  + [15, 42,43,44, 48]
 Farmland size owned Size of farm land owned by the household Continuous variable (in acres)  + [15, 40, 42, 43, 49]
 Land cultivated Size of cultivated farmland by the household Continuous variable (in acres) − [50]
 Credit Access to credit services Dummy variable, 1 = access to credit and 0 = otherwise  ± [40, 43, 50, 51]
 Time to market Time taken to the nearest market Continuous variable (minutes)  ± [15, 50, 52]
 Income Average annual household income (2018) Continuous variable (UGX)  + [40, 47, 48, 53,]
 Farmer group membership Belongs to a farmer’s group Dummy variable, 0 = No, 1 = Yes  ± [40, 50, 52]
  1. UGX is Ugandan Shillings ($ 1 = 3,700 UGX)