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Table 4 Agricultural practices used by mungbean farmers in Southeast Asia and East Africa, in % of farmers unless indicated otherwise, 2017–18

From: Mungbean in Southeast Asia and East Africa: varieties, practices and constraints

Practice Southeast Asia East Africa
KHM IDN LAO PHL THA VNM Avg UGA KEN TZA Avg
Seed rate (kg/ha) 25 30 20 21 68 19 35 18 10 8 10
Certified seed 62 9 25 2 66 79 36 6 39 2 22
Seed recycling (cycles) 1 8 5 2 2 1 6 4 2 0 1
Seed treatment
 Insecticides 0 4 0 25 15 4 8 11 1 3 2
 Fungicides 0 1 0 7 29 0 7 11 0 0 1
 Bioagents 0 2 0 1 15 0 4 0 0 0 0
 Biofertilizers 0 0 0 10 50 0 11 0 1 0 0
Line sowing 52 57 27 10 13 76 46 8 86 45 65
Seed broadcasting 48 43 73 90 87 24 54 92 14 55 35
Min. fertilizers, basal 12 14 0 7 26 63 24 1 17 0 9
Min. fertilizers, top 9 14 0 0 10 95 25 0 0 0 0
Min. fertilizers, foliar 58 56 11 85 83 58 65 1 43 3 25
Insecticides/fungicides 49 77 4 77 89 77 77 70 77 54 68
Herbicides to prepare land 36 43 18 2 8 74 37 1 4 22 11
Herbicides to defoliate 18 2 0 0 7 3 8 0 0 0 0
Mechanized
 Land preparation 99 31 43 70 94 87 63 88 90 55 76
 Sowing 48 5 0 1 63 9 21 2 1 0 1
 Weeding 1 2 7 0 67 14 17 0 50 0 27
 Harvesting 36 2 4 0 95 0 24 1 0 0 0
 Threshing 89 49 36 43 94 48 61 1 1 0 1
  1. Cambodia (KHM), Indonesia (IDN), Lao PDR (LAO), Philippines (PHL), Thailand (THA), Vietnam (VNM), Uganda (UGA), Kenya (KEN), Tanzania (TZA). Avg. = Average all countries per region. Country averages for each practice are weighted by mungbean planted area in surveyed regions