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Table 3 Average vegetable and poultry input costs and production quantity (N = 250).

From: Economic analysis of integrated vegetable–poultry production systems in the Babati District of Tanzania

Variables Non-integrators (1) (N = 110) Integrators (2) (N = 140) t-test (1–2)
Mean SD Mean SD  
Seed cost (USD) 2.838 3.891 3.129 4.189 − 0.562
Nursery management cost (USD) 3.154 5.017 3.936 9.073 − 0.813
Compost cost (USD) 7.967 22.489 6.416 19.532 0.583
Fertilizer cost (USD) 3.555 6.960 3.927 7.586 − 0.399
Pesticide cost (USD) 4.812 5.204 4.631 5.635 0.260
Labor cost (USD) 35.124 38.483 45.092 50.593 − 1.713*
Poultry manure cost (USD) 2.427 3.348 0 0 1.453
Parent stock cost (USD)    5.524 9.405  
Total feeds cost (USD)    19.641 25.835  
Disease control cost (USD)    4.151 3.941  
Poultry labor cost (USD)    3.091 3.640 − 0.413
Vegetable production quantity (kg) 827.738 1231.736 896.235 1354.147  
Yield (kg/ha) 7903.232 7517.613 10,575.940 13,295.090 − 1.885*
  1. * Denotes the level of significance of difference in means at 10%
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