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Table 1 Data definitions and descriptive statistics

From: Economic analysis of integrated vegetable–poultry production systems in the Babati District of Tanzania

Variables Data description Non-integrators (1) (N = 110) Integrators (2) (N = 140) t-test (1–2)
Mean SD Mean SD
Gender of head 1 if household head (HH) is male 0.845 0.363 0.836 0.372 0.208
Marital status of head 1 if HH is married 0.691 0.464 0.836 0.372 − 2.739***
Household size Number of household members 4.745 2.304 5.571 1.855 − 3.139***
Education Number of years of formal education of the household head 6.654 2.758 7.329 2.551 − 2.001**
Age of head Age of the HH in years 46.373 14.691 48.186 11.362 − 1.101
Land owned (ha) Total land owned in hectares 0 .916 0 .866 1.420 1.334 − 3.436***
Off-farm income 1 if household have access to off-farm income sources 0 .464 0 .501 0 .386 0 .489 1.238
Total income Total household income in USD 125.003 111.658 177.983 178.064 − 2.727**
Credit 1 if household access credit 0.191 0 .395 0 .221 0.417 − 0.588
Extension 1 if household access extension service 0 .6 0 .492 0 .736 0.442 − 2.290**
Attending V–P training 1 if any household member ever attend training about V–P integration 0 .391 0 .491 0 .550 0 .499 − 2.521**
Awareness of V–P benefits 1 if the household is aware of the benefits of V–P 0.854 0.354 0 .964 0 .186 − 3.154***
Bermi 1 if farmer is from Bermi 0.155 0.363 0.236 0.426 − 1.594
Galapo 1 if farmer is from Galapo 0.264 0.443 0.157 0.365 2.084**
Matufa 1 if farmer is from Matufa 0.255 0.438 0.157 0.365 1.918*
Seloto 1 if farmer is from Seloto 0.164 0.372 0.221 0.417 − 1.141
Shaurimoyo 1 if farmer is from Shaurimoyo 0.164 0.372 0.229 0.421 − 1.273
  1. ***, **, * Denote the level of significance of difference in means at 1%, 5%, 10%, respectively
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