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Table 7 Hypothesized variables definitions and measurements

From: Impact of improved beehives technology adoption on honey production efficiency: empirical evidence from Southern Ethiopia

Variables

Type

Measurements

Effect

Adoption of improved beehives technology (D)

Dummy

1 = Adopter, 0 = non-adopter

 

Number of improved beehives owned (year)

Continuous

Number

+

Sex of household head

Dummy

1 = Male, 0 = female

+

Educational level of household head

Continuous

Grade

+

Household size

Continuous

Man equivalent

+

Total income in 1000

Continuous

ETB

+

Beekeeping experience

Continuous

Year

Number of local beehive owned

Continuous

Number

Participation in demonstration of improved hives

Dummy

1 = Yes, 0 = No

+

Perception towards price of improved beehives

Categorical

1 = high, 2 = medium, 3 = low

Frequency of extension contact per year

Continuous

Number

+

Distance from farmers training center

Continuous

Kilometer/minute

+

Cooperative membership

Dummy

1 = yes 1, 0 = No

+

Credit utilization

Dummy

1 = user, 0 = non-user

+

Type of beehive used

Dummy

1 = Improved, 0 = traditional

+

Proximity to natural forest

Dummy

1 = yes 0 = no

+

Bee forage cultivation

Continuous

Timad

+

Supplement used (sugar)

Continuous

Kg

+