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Table 7 Hypothesized variables definitions and measurements

From: Impact of improved beehives technology adoption on honey production efficiency: empirical evidence from Southern Ethiopia

Variables Type Measurements Effect
Adoption of improved beehives technology (D) Dummy 1 = Adopter, 0 = non-adopter  
Number of improved beehives owned (year) Continuous Number +
Sex of household head Dummy 1 = Male, 0 = female +
Educational level of household head Continuous Grade +
Household size Continuous Man equivalent +
Total income in 1000 Continuous ETB +
Beekeeping experience Continuous Year
Number of local beehive owned Continuous Number
Participation in demonstration of improved hives Dummy 1 = Yes, 0 = No +
Perception towards price of improved beehives Categorical 1 = high, 2 = medium, 3 = low
Frequency of extension contact per year Continuous Number +
Distance from farmers training center Continuous Kilometer/minute +
Cooperative membership Dummy 1 = yes 1, 0 = No +
Credit utilization Dummy 1 = user, 0 = non-user +
Type of beehive used Dummy 1 = Improved, 0 = traditional +
Proximity to natural forest Dummy 1 = yes 0 = no +
Bee forage cultivation Continuous Timad +
Supplement used (sugar) Continuous Kg +