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Table 7 Adjusted odds ratio for food shortage in household by background characteristics, Dhanbad, India, 2015 (N = 416)

From: Does coal mining affect household food security? An empirical study of Dhanbad, India

  OR [95% C.I]
Village type
 Villages not affected by mining activity®    
 Villages affected by mining activity 0.637* [0.376 1.08]
Sex of household head  
 Male®    
 Female 3.893*** [1.495 10.141]
Age of household head
 21–34 years®    
 35–54 years 0.563* [0.293 1.081]
 55 or more years 0.898 [0.388 2.077]
BPL card possession
 No®    
 Yes 5.334*** [2.809 10.128]
Membership of any socio/political organization
 No®    
 Yes 0.262*** [0.143 0.482]
Any chronic disease patient in household
 No®    
 Yes 0.599* [0.350 1.025]
MNREGA card possession
 No®    
 Yes 2.372*** [1.382 4.074]
Working status of head of household
 Not working®    
 Salaried/business 1.48 [0.641 3.416]
 Agriculture and wage labour 2.598** [1.167 5.783]
Farmland
 No land®    
 Less than 2 acres 0.769 [0.450 1.315]
 More than 2 acres 0.475* [0.218 1.031]
Percentage of household expenditure on food
 < 50: Low®    
 50–65: Medium 1.248 [0.646 2.410]
 65–75: High 2.366** [1.148 4.874]
 75 +: Very high 2.872*** [1.477 5.586]
Log likelihood − 217.068   
  1. Level of significance: *p value < 0.1, **p value < 0.05, ***p value < 0.01; ®Reference category; predictor variables such as caste, years of schooling of household head, and household size are also controlled for logistic regression