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Table 2 MVP model estimation for determinants of wheat producer’s outlet choice

From: Factors affecting market outlet choice of wheat producers in North Gondar Zone, Ethiopia

Variables Coefficients (channel choice equation)
Assembler (1) Wholesaler (2) Retailer (3) Consumer (4)
Age of household in years − 0. 027** 0.005 − 0.002 0.015
Literacy status of household − 0.017 0.502** 0.442** − 0.460**
Total land size in ha 0.434* − 0.347 0.581** − 0.500**
Crop productivity (yield/ha) − 0.022 0.030 − 0.001 − 0.030
Total livestock holding (in TLU) − 0.077* − 0.003 0.061 0.002
Access to credit − 0.855*** 0.007 0.154 − 0.040
Non-farm income 0.306 − 0.082 − 0.544** 0.554**
Distance to nearest market in km − 0.083 − 0.054 − 0.120 0.048
Constant 1.354* − 1.680** − 1.533** 0.301
Predicted probability 0.308 0.765 0.255 0.347
ρ 21   − 0.147   
ρ 31   − 0.361***   
ρ 41   − 0.398***   
ρ 32   − 0.157   
ρ 42   − 0.271**   
ρ 43   − 0.030   
Wald Chi2 (32)   79.09***   
Likelihood ratio test of independence ρ21 = ρ31 = ρ41 = ρ32 = ρ42 = ρ43 = 0, Chi2 (6) = 32.65***
Joint probability (success)   0.005   
Joint probability (failure)   0.077   
  1. Dependent variable is outlet choice; ***, ** and * are statistically significant at 1%, 5% and 10% level of significance, respectively