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Table 6 Marginal effects estimates for the determinants CSA packages by MNL

From: Effect of climate-smart agricultural practices on household food security in smallholder production systems: micro-level evidence from Kenya

Variables C1F0R0S0 C1F0R1S0 C1F0R1S1 C1F1R0S0 C1F1R0S1 C1F1R1S0 C1F1R1S1
dy/dx dy/dx dy/dx dy/dx dy/dx dy/dx dy/dx
Socio-economic factors
Age of HH − 0.0019* 0.0007 0.0015 − 0.0028 0.0016** 0.0016 0.0000
Gender of HH − 0.0434 0.0045 0.0340 − 0.0284 − 0.0047 − 0.0047 0.0271**
Years of education of HH 0.0013 0.0015 0.0033 − 0.0204** 0.0019 0.0019 0.0000
Household size 0.0075 − 0.0006 − 0.0020 − 0.0239 0.0056 0.0056 0.0004
Participation in off-farm employment − 0.0251 0.0022 0.0341 − 0.0518 − 0.0168 − 0.0168 0.0012
Natural log of farm assets 0.0032 0.0009 − 0.0045 − 0.0722*** 0.0014 0.0014*** 0.0307*
Farm size − 0.0378*** − 0.0104 − 0.0268** − 0.0171 0.0110* 0.0110*** 0.0013**
Farm characteristics
Perception on terrain of land − 0.0007 0.0057 − 0.0123 0.0995 − 0.0177 − 0.0177 0.0011
Perception Severity of soil erosion − 0.0107 − 0.0342** 0.0198 − 0.0452 − 0.0451** − 0.0451*** 0.0007
Perception of soil fertility − 0.0064 − 0.0002 0.0105 0.1871*** − 0.0128 − 0.0128*** 0.0007
Bad incidences
Frequent floods 0.0284 − 0.0266 − 0.0204 0.0205 0.0330* 0.0330 0.0003
Hailstorms 0.0268 0.0052* − 0.0053 − 0.0126 0.0193 0.0193 0.0006
Insufficient rains − 0.0023 0.0008 − 0.0169 0.0628 − 0.0311 − 0.0311 0.0004
Institutional factors
Walking time from farm to market 0.0002 − 0.0003 − 0.0005* 0.0011 − 0.0007** − 0.0007** 0.0001
Membership to a farmer group 0.0279 0.0148 − 0.0126 0.1888** 0.0221 0.0221** 0.0000
Contacts with extension agents − 0.0046 0.0021 0.0073 − 0.0296*** 0.0046 0.0046** 0.0002
Access to credit − 0.0461* − 0.0044 − 0.0083 − 0.1571** 0.0028 0.0028*** 0.0001
Number of observations = 375; Wald χ2 (119) = 445.52; p = 0.000
  1. C0F0R0S0 is the reference base category in the MNL; HH is household head
  2. ***Significant at 1% level
  3. **Significant at 5% level
  4. *Significant at 10% level