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Table 3 Loadings of the four components for CSA compositions

From: Effect of climate-smart agricultural practices on household food security in smallholder production systems: micro-level evidence from Kenya

Strategies Comp1 Comp2 Comp3 Comp4 Communality
Changing crop varieties 0.5467 − 0.3965 0.2579 − 0.2853 0.6040
Use of legumes in crop rotation 0.6491 − 0.3903 0.2574 − 0.2224 0.6894
Use of cover crops 0.6257 − 0.3138 − 0.2292 − 0.1559 0.6344
Changing planting dates 0.5223 − 0.3779 0.3280 − 0.2981 0.6121
Crop and livestock diversification 0.3910 0.3482 − 0.4904 0.3216 0.6180
Use of organic manure 0.2550 0.6522 − 0.3156 − 0.3036 0.5086
Efficient use of inorganic fertilizer 0.5537 0.2032 0.3940 − 0.3311 0.6127
Use of terraces 0.2485 0.3343 − 0.3243 − 0.6249 0.6691
Irrigation 0.3816 0.3986 0.4546 0.2423 0.6283
Trees on crop land 0.2459 − 0.3013 − 0.4518 0.6024 0.7183
Food crops on tree land 0.3202 0.6198 0.3715 0.3424 0.7419
Use of live barriers 0.3190 − 0.3308 − 0.3845 0.5146 0.6238
Mulching 0.2811 0.5512 0.3483 0.3819 0.6500
Use of improved livestock breeds 0.2510 0.3794 − 0.7011 − 0.1492 0.7207
Eigenvalues 4.9160 2.8161 1.5505 1.0287  
Eigenvalues  % contribution 35.6543 20.1153 11.0751 7.3479  
Cumulative  % 35.6543 55.7696 66.8447 74.1926