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Table 1 Individual, parental, household, healthcare and community-level characteristics of living children aged between 6 and 23 months, Ethiopia, 2016

From: Determinants of inadequate minimum dietary diversity among children aged 6–23 months in Ethiopia: secondary data analysis from Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey 2016

Characteristics n %
Child characteristics
Sex of child
 Male 1396 46.97
 Female 1576 53.03
Age of child (months)
 6–11 1044 35.14
 12–17 1091 36.73
 19–23 836 28.13
Birth order
 Firstborn 547 18.4
 Second to fourth 1284 43.2
 Five or more 1141 38.4
Diarrheaa
 No 2394 80.54
 Yes 573 19.28
Cough   
 No 2267 76.29
 Yes 705 23.71
Parental characteristics
Mother’s age (years)
 15–24 805 27.08
 25–34 1553 52.25
 35–49 614 20.67
Mother’s education
 No education 1844 62.02
 Primary education 904 30.40
 Secondary and higher 225 7.58
Mother’s occupation
 Not working 1707 57.43
 Non agricultural works 590 19.84
 Agricultural works 642 21.60
 Others 33 1.13
Mother’s literacy
 Cannot read at all 2203 74.11
 Able to read only parts of sentence 356 11.98
 Able to read whole sentence 413 13.91
Mother’s marital status
 Currently married 2838 95.49
 Formerly married 134 4.51
Reads newspaper or magazine
 Not at all 2777 93.45
 Less than once a week 142 4.78
 At least once a week 53 1.77
Listen to radio   
 Not at all 2177 73.25
 Less than once a week 387 13.02
 At least once a week 408 13.73
Watches television
 Not at all 2446 82.27
 Less than once a week 258 8.70
 At least once a week 268 9.03
Father’s education
 No education 1254 42.18
 Primary 1177 39.62
 Secondary and higher 385 12.96
 Don’t know and missing 136 5.26
Father’s occupation
 Not working 219 7.38
 Non agricultural works 678 22.82
 Agricultural works 1827 61.47
 Others and missing 248 8.33
House hold characteristics
Source of drinking water
 Improved 1696 57.05
 Un improved 1276 42.95
Household wealth index
 Poorest
 Poorer 627 21.09
 Middle 666 22.41
 Richer 544 18.31
 Richest 434 14.61
Healthcare characteristics
Preceding birth interval
 No preceding birth 549 18.5
  < 24 months 451 15.2
  ≥ 24 months 1972 66.3
Antenatal care visit
 None 1002 33.71
 1–3 times 870 29.28
 4 and above 987 33.21
I don’t know and missing 113 3.80
Mode of delivery
 Non-Cesarean section 2897 97.48
 Cesarean section 75 2.52
Place of delivery
 Home 1845 62.05
 Health facility 1068 35.95
 Other 59 2.00
Post-natal check-up within 2 months
 No 2628 88.43
 Yes 232 7.79
 I don’t know and missing 112 3.78
Community-level factors
Residence
 Urban 346 11.65
 Rural 2626 88.35
Minimum dietary diversity
 Adequate minimum dietary diversity 443 14.9
 Inadequate minimum dietary diversity 2529 85.1
Total 2972  
  1. aFor having diarrhea recently 5 respondents responded “I don’t know”