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Table 3 Descriptive analysis results of the dummy and categorical variables

From: Factors affecting adoption of upland rice in Tselemti district, northern Ethiopia

Variable Description Percentage between adoption categories χ2 value p value
Adopter Non-adopter Total
Sex of household head Male 93.6 89.8 91.3 0.655 0.418
Female 6.4 10.2 8.7   
Education level Illiterate 37.1 73.9 58.7 22.874 0.000***
Read and write 14.5 6.8 10   
Primary school 32.3 17 23.3   
Secondary school 16.1 2.3 8   
Contact with extension agents Yes 98.4 88.6 92.7 5.089 0.024**
No 1.6 11.4 7.3   
Credit access Yes 66.1 40.9 51.3 9.261 0.002***
No 33.9 59.1 48.7   
Off-farm income activities Yes 37.1 12.5 22.7 12.554 0.000***
No 62.9 87.5 77.3   
Perception on rice yield Yes 91.9 53.4 69.3 25.392 0.000***
No 8.1 46.6 30.7   
Participation on field days Yes 72.6 26.1 45.3 31.660 0.000***
No 27.4 73.9 54.7   
Participation on training Yes 66.1 13.6 35.3 43.865 0.000***
No 33.9 86.4 64.7   
  1. **At 5% and *** at 1% probability level