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Table 2 Percent of smallholder farmers reporting changes in climate over the last decade

From: Climate change impacts and adaptation among smallholder farmers in Central America

% of farmers perceiving changes over the last decade Turrialba, Costa Rica Los Santos, Costa Rica Acatenango, Guatemala Chiquimula, Guatemala Choluteca, Honduras Yoro,
Honduras
Total (across 6 landscapes)
Overall changes noted
n (all farmers surveyed) 144 151 149 115 155 146 860
Overall change in climate 98.6 97.4 92.0 96.5 93.6 94.5 95.4
n (farmers perceiving change in climate) 142 147 137 111 145 138 820
Overall change in temperature 97.2 98.6 96.4 91.0 98.6 94.9 96.3
Overall change in rainfall 95.1 95.9 92.7 99.1 96.6 89.1 94.6
Specific perceived changes in temperature
n (farmers perceiving changes in temperature) 138 145 132 101 143 131 790
The temperature has increased 97.1 96.6 96.2 94.1 95.8 96.2 96.1
Night and day are both warmer 2.9 0.7 21.2 15.8 21.0 6.9 11.1
Cool season and warm season are both warmer 4.4 8.3 8.3 8.9 4.9 8.4 7.1
Specific changes in rainfall noted
n (farmers perceiving changes in rainfall) 135 141 127 110 140 123 776
Less rain falls in a year 66.7 66.7 46.5 85.5 90.0 56.1 68.6
When the rains will begin is unknown 26.7 19.2 15.8 13.6 29.3 30.9 22.8
Rainfall is concentrated in a shorter period 20.0 38.3 31.5 8.2 3.6 9.8 18.9
When it will rain is unknown 20.7 17.7 22.8 13.6 18.6 8.9 17.3
Rainy season begins later than usual 5.9 6.4 18.1 12.7 14.3 23.6 13.3
More rain falls in a year 4.4 1.4 27.6 7.3 2.9 5.7 8.0
  1. The table shows only those changes that were reported by at least 5% of all farmers surveyed
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