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Table 2 Overview of internal characteristics of rice breeding organisations

From: Global survey of rice breeders to investigate characteristics and willingness to adopt alternative breeding methods

  Level All  
Type of organisation
Private institute (189 obs.), n (%)   11 (6%)
Breeding operations
Main method (188 obs.), n (%) Bulk 10 (5%)
Combination 7 (4%)
Pedigree 147 (78%)
Other 24 (13%)
Varieties (188 obs.), n (%) Hybrids only 13 (7%)
Inbreds only 130 (69%)
Inbreds and Hybrids 45 (24%)
Experience main method (years) (189 obs.), mean (sd)   13.93 (9.43)
Job function
Permanent employment contract (189 obs.), n (%)   168 (89%)
Hierarchy (177 obs.), n (%) Head of department 65 (37%)
Report directly to head of department 100 (56%)
Report indirectly to head of department 12 (7%)
Freedom
Opportunities for new techniques (189 obs.), n (%)   175 (93%)
Permission to adopt RGA (153 obs.), n (%)   149 (97%)
Resources
Timing labour constraint (185 obs.), n Flowering 20  
Harvesting 135  
Land preparation 52  
Post-harvest 67  
Seedling nursery 46  
Transplanting 128  
Vegetative stage 21  
Never 13  
Severity labour constraint (189 obs.), median [IQR] 1—not severe, 7—prohibiting operations 4.00 [3.00, 6.00]
Staff institute (168 obs.), median [IQR]   100.00 [27.50, 355.00]
Staff department (173 obs.), median [IQR]   17.00 [10.00, 40.00]
Staff team (174 obs.), median [IQR]   6.00 [5.00, 10.00]
Labour workers harvesting (174 obs.), median [IQR]   10.00 [5.00, 20.00]
Labour workers seedling/transplanting (170 obs.), median [IQR]   10.00 [5.00, 20.00]
Problems in cash flow (176 obs.), n (%)   115 (0.65)
Budget size (10,000 US$) (141 obs.), median [IQR]   2.56 [1.00, 12.72]
Likelihood budget cut (152 obs.), n (%) Likely 53 (35%)
Possibly 71 (47%)
Not likely 28 (18%)
Land available (ha) (171 obs.), median [IQR]   3.00 [1.50, 6.00]
Greenhouse present (189 obs.), n (%)   130 (69%)
  1. Sample size is 189 observations
  2. IQR interquartile range