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Table 5 Bivariate analysis of the relationship between socio-economic and demographic characteristics of respondents and household food security

From: Prevalence of household food insecurity in wetland adjacent areas of Uganda

Variable Food security categories Kruskal–Wallis H test
Secure (N = 34) Moderately insecure (N = 59) Highly insecure (N = 162) Totally insecure (N = 265)
Mean rank (M) Mean rank (M) Mean rank (M) Mean rank (M) P value1,2
Period of residence (years)* 29.536 (17.165) 35.755 (22.199) 29.795 (18.529) 28.814 (18.974) 0.14471
Age of household head* 47.941 (11.092) 48.915 (16.367) 45.951 (13.765) 45.928 (14.675) 0.3712
Proximity to wetland (km) 240.941 (1) 272.508 (1) 264.201 (1) 258.074 (1) 0.7722
Proximity to market (km) 249.059 (3) 197.873 (2)a 306.843 (4)ab 247.583 (3)b 0.0001
Household land size (acres) 305.75 (1.8225) 300.788 (1.62)c 239.173 (0.81)c 258.762 (1.215) 0.0139
Number of adults (> 18 years) 190.897 (2)de 310.059 (4)df 221.265 (2)fg 282.381 (3)e.g. 0.0001s
Household size 302.779 (8) 262.754 (7) 280.327 (8) 242.451 (6) 0.025ns
Education level of HH (years) 347.161 (7)hi 328.924 (7)jk 235.046 (5)hj 249.708 (5)ik 0.0001s
TLU 331.059 (1.265)lm 299.822 (0.86)n 243.914 (0.415)ln 252.832 (0.53)m 0.0026
  1. Similar alphabetical letter superscripts indicate statistically significant differences in post hoc test
  2. M median, HH household head
  3. *Mean (SD)
  4. P value1,2, 1one-way ANOVA, 2Welch ANOVA
  5. aSignificantly different between moderately food insecure and highly food insecure, b significantly different between highly food insecure and totally food insecure; c significantly different between moderately food insecure and highly food insecure, d significantly different between food secure and moderately food insecure, e significantly different between food secure and totally food insecure, f significantly different between moderately food insecure and highly food insecure, g significantly different between highly food insecure and totally food insecure, h significantly different between food secure and highly food insecure, i significantly different between food secure and totally food insecure, j significantly different between moderately food insecure and highly food insecure, k significantly different between moderately food insecure and totally food insecure, l significantly different between food secure and highly food insecure, m significantly different between food secure and totally food insecure, n significantly different between moderately food insecure and highly food insecure, s distributions not similar for food security categories (other distributions are similar), ns post hoc test not statistically significantly different