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Table 4 Awareness of farmers of EXW etiology, transmission and spread

From: Farmers’ knowledge and perception of enset Xanthomonas wilt in southern Ethiopia

Variables Hadiya (%) Kembata-Tembaro (%) Wolaita (%) Chi-square test Chi-square P value
EXW etiology      
Contaminated farm tools 47.8 33.3 20 70.8 2.26867E−10
Animal and insect 11 6.4 10   
Infected leaf left in enset farm 1.2 12.8 27.5   
Wind 0 24.4 13.7   
Environmental shock 2.5 3.8 11.2   
Animal dung 0 2.6 3.8   
No idea 37.5 16.7 13.8   
Means of EBW transmission from external source
Contaminated materials 41 36.25 42.5 30.51 0.002
Animal and Insect 20 17.5 28.75   
Animal dung 20 11.25 6.25   
Air 5 5 3.75   
Farm tools 5 10 5   
Runoff 8.75 10 7.5   
No idea 0 10 6.25   
Means of EBW transmission from internal source
Contaminated materials 70 47.5 53.75 17.3 0.068
Animal and insect 8.75 8.75 5   
Contact between infected and healthy plants 5 15 12.5   
Air 9 20 18   
Farm tools 3.75 2.5 8.75   
No idea 3.75 6.25 2.5