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Table 3 Farmers perception on the enset production trend, reasons for decreasing production and sources of planting materials among Hadiya, Wolaita and Kembata-Tembaro zones of SNNP region of Ethiopia

From: Farmers’ knowledge and perception of enset Xanthomonas wilt in southern Ethiopia

Variables Zonesa Chi-square test Chi-square P value
Hadiya (%) Wolaita (%) Kembata-Tembaro (%)
Enset production trend since the last 15 years
Increasing 10 40 8.8 75.42 1.62E−15
Decreasing 86.2 27.5 81.2   
No change 3.8 32.5 10   
Reasons for the decreasing production
Pest and diseases (EXW%) 88.4 (75) 50 (16.5) 12.3 (27.5) 80.79 3.38E−14
Climate change 11.6 42.3 61.5   
Minimal use of good agricultural practices 0 7.7 21.5   
Shortage of clean suckers 0 0 3.1   
Poor value chain 0 0 1.5   
Sources of enset planting material
Research center 0 0 29 2.89 1.56E−59
Relatives 12.5 100 0   
Neighbor 87.5 0 42   
Local market 0 0 29   
  1. a% of respondents, total number of surveyed households were 80 per zone