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Table 3 Results from multivariable analysis-adjusted for demographic and socioeconomic factors of household food insecurity of Fedis Woreda, East Hararghe zone, Oromia region April 2014

From: Magnitude and associated factors of household food insecurity in Fedis Woreda East Hararghe zone, Oromia region, Ethiopia

Explanatory variables Food security status AOR 95% CI P value
Insecured HH Secured HH Lower Upper
Education level       0.024
Can’t read and write 357 222 1    
Primary school 67 74 0.591 0.385 0.908 0.016
Secondary school 3 7 0.299 0.061 1.471 0.137
Family size       < 001
1–3 9 19 1    
4–6 254 228 2.652 1.083 6.493 0.033
> 7 164 55 6.143 2.402 15.708 < 0.000
Land size       < 001
< 0.5 67 111 1    
0.5–1 344 178 3.037 2.039 4.521 < 0.001
> 1 16 14 1.748 0.710 4.305 0.225
Oxen ownership       < 001
No 284 153 1    
Yes 143 150 0.454 0.323 0.639  
Annual farm income       0.002
No income 121 52 1    
1–500 7 4 0.663 0.153 2.878 0.583
501–1000 16 13 0.611 0.251 1.487 0.278
> 1000 283 234 0.440 0.287 0.675 < 0.000
Average monthly off-farm income       .029
No income 325 242 1    
1–1000 15 16 1.165 0.518 2.623 0.712
> 1000 87 45 1.849 1.175 2.911 0.008
Sufficient crop production over the year       0.002
No 382 245 1    
Yes 45 58 0.453 0.274 0.748  
Dietary diversity       0.002
Inadequate 322 166 1    
Medium 103 133 0.548 0.382 0.786 0.001
Adequate 2 4 0.219 0.034 1.422 0.112